The present study aims at showing the similarity and difference between the phonetics and phonology in English and Arabic languages concerning sciences of sounds itself, their background information, their branches and their benefits (use and usage). Phonetics is concerned with describing speech. Phoneticians are interested in the different sounds that occur in languages. They are concerned with pathological speech and trying to help people speak a particular form of English. They need to find out what people are doing when they are talking and how the sounds of speech can be described. Phonology is a branch of linguistics which studies the sound systems of languages. Out of the very wide range of sounds the human vocal apparatus can produce, and which are studied by phonetics, only a relatively small numbers are used distinctively in any one language. The sounds are organized into a system of contrasts, which are analyzed in terms of phonemes, distinctive features or other such phonological unit.
Phonetics, Phonology, Segment, General, Particular, Sound, Abstract, Concrete, Speech