Muhammad Hamdan Mukafi
Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia


Time change records the advancement of all fields, including arts transformation in which literature exists. It starts from oral tradition until paper and ink answering the new necessity – writing tradition era. Now, the era is signed by the advancement of technology and information which make a transformation. From 2011, I found some art works that hybridize some digital systems and medias to make an audio-visual-text art. Even though the art is audio-visual, aesthetic text is the core that unites their gens. Until today, in youtube.com or instagram we can find many artists are making it. In order to explain it, I choose two art works entitled Tentang Kita (Fahd Djibran and friends (2011)) and Sarwa Karsa (Emhaf and Ank (2018)). According to those art works, I made a hypothesis that audio, visual, and text assemble in the crossroad to transform into a cross-media literature. Moreover, with Jane Stokes genres theory, I noticed that this transformation leads to a newborn genre which can be put at literary genres classification. Through my research which is guided by Stokes theory, I explored narratives and semiotics category to characterize the genre of those literary works. It is completed by the elements of histoire and discourse by Benjamin Chatman and semiotics theory by Roland Barthes in order to decipher the codes of genre. All of this leads to an unavoidable triumph, as smartphone which creates a new communication room that unbind the distances and as letter paper that is now digitalized. Advancement attempts to transform literature as cross-media that will develop new literary genres theory. Writing tradition is once an oasis at the oral tradition era, but now cross-media literature is an oasis of advancement era. Finally, my research aims for proving the invention of the genre in literature.


Literature, cross-media, advancement, transformation, oasis, genre