Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Language, Education, Humanities and Innovation 2015
ISBN 978-967-13879-0-0

Locus of Control and Academic Achievement Among Orang Asli Students in Malaysia

Azlina Mohd Khir, Ma’rof Redzuan, Hanina H. Hamsan, Mohd Ibrani Shahrimin

University Putra Malaysia


This paper is presented to identify the locus of control and its link to academic achievement of Orang Asli students. It’s also to determine the differences of locus of control according to age and gender. A total of 402 Orang Asli students (nmale = 39.05%, nfemale = 60.95%; nage14 = 57.71%, nage16 = 42.29%) from ten secondary schools in the states of Perak and Pahang involved in this study. Respondents were selected through multi-stage sampling technique and data were collected using questionnaires. The study found that majority of the respondent (61.94%) tends to have external locus of control. Meanwhile, locus of control showed a significant difference in term of age (t = 3.03; p < 0.01). Late adolescents tend to have internal locus of control. However, there was no significant difference in term of gender (t = -0.60; p > 0.05). Furthermore, locus of control showed significant differences according to various level of academic achievement with F(2, 399) = 19.58; p < 0.01. Those students who have higher level of academic achievement tend to have internal locus of control, compared to students with low academic achievement. As a conclusion, with the increased level of internal locus of control among the Orang Asli students, it will increase their hold control of effort for academic achievement.


Locus of control, academic achievement, Orang Asli students

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