Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Language, Education, Humanities, and Innovation 2018

Batak Toba Language Structure as Inverted Language

Paska Loren Simanjuntak

Linguistics Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada,Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Batak Toba Language (BTL) structure dominantly begins with predicate that is why BTL is called as inverted language. This research is descriptive-qualitative research. The data are taken from Batak’s tales book written by Manguji Nababan titled “Torsatorsa Hombung - Turiturian ni Halak Batak” and from daily conversation. The data which consist of sentences are taken randomly and analysed based on its structure. From the research done, there are found that: (1) BTL uses some markers, like “si” (to mark subject if subject is the name of a person), “do” (to mark predicate), “ma” (to mark predicate); (2) there are two types of structure used in BTL, they are VOS (Verb - Object - Subject) and VSO (Verb - Subject - Object) type. In declarative sentence of BTL, VSO type is used in both active and passive voice but VOS is used in active voice. This research is aimed to describe the structure of BTL and globally help learners to learn basic structure of BTL easily.


Batak Toba language (BTL), inverted language, language structure

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