Department of Sociology, Srinakharinwirot University, Sukhumwit 23, Bangkok, Thailand
There are many researches on active learning management in Thailand applied by different disciplines such as, Mathematics, Sciences, and Social Sciences, etc. The students were found to be fatigued studying subjects with lots of contents such as social studies. Active learning has been found to be the essential tool improving student’s understanding in each subject areas. Additionally, the social studies area was found to be the one employing this method most. This study then aims to synthesize past research on applying active learning social studies subjects during 2012-2017. The data was collected from 68 research papers with topics on active learning in social studies, which were published on the database of Thai-Journal Citation Index Centre (TCI) during 2012 – 2017. Six topics were synthesized : 1) active Learning management techniques 2) attributes to be developed 3)target group 4)research instruments 5) statistics 6) research outcomes. The results found that the mainly employed active learning methods were techniques used to develop cognitive domain such as problem based learning, brain based learning, and building conceptual framework. The timing employing active learning in classroom was seen to be at least 1 – 2 months with the levels of students learning by active learning method were found to be grade 6-12 students, the measurement and evaluation methods were found to be examination, observation, and informal interview during the activities, and the data analysis using descriptive and inferential statistics with t-test revealed that active learning could improve cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. The instructors may need to consider the methods that suit students most, as well as the improvement of traits and subjects, to gain the best benefit using active learning methods with the students.
Active Learning, Social Studies